Agriculture sector is the backbone of the Indian economy. Government is investing
huge amount of money for the uplift of agriculture. About 70 % of the Indian population
depends upon agriculture sector that's why government is providing free electricity
for the farmers but still we are not the leading nation in the world Agriculture
sector is one of the energy intensive sector and there is a potential of about 30
% of savings by implementing some of the energy saving tips and steps we can easily
overcome the problem of power shortage in other sector as well as we can develop
our nation leading in the agriculture sector.
Some of the measures are as follows:
- The larger valve helps to save electricity
/ diesel because less fuel and power is needed to draw water from the well.
- The fewer the no. of bends and fittings
in a pipe, more the electricity saves.
- Sharp bends in the pipe leads 70
% more frictional loss than standard bends.
- A farmer can save 15 liters of diesel
every month simply by reducing the pipe height by 2 m.
- The pump works more efficiently
when it is not more than 10 feet above the water level of the well.
- Use good quality PVC suction pipe
to save energy and save electricity up to 20 %.
- Apply oil and grease to pump set
regularly as recommended by the manufacture.
- To improve the power factor and
voltage use ISI marked shunt capacitor of right capacity with motor. This will also
save the electricity.
- Switch off the light of well in
the day time.
Agriculture sector consumes about 35% of the total power generated is consumed in
running of electrically operated pump sets in the agriculture sector. Most farmers
use inefficient non ISI marked pump sets which consume more electricity and deliver
less output. There is a potential of about 25% to 35% improvement in the efficiency
of these pump sets by affecting minor/major rectification and shifting to ISI marked
pumps. It has been decided to promote the use of ISI marked pump, power capacitor,
foot/reflex valves in India to save electricity consumption in the agriculture sector
and the use of ISI marked pumps and accessories has been made mandatory for all
new tube well connections.